British Museum: Accused thief not talking or co-operating, chairman tells BBC

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By Katie Razzall, culture and media editor, Larissa Kennelly & Darin Graham

BBC News

The British Museum has said the staff member they believe stole or damaged around 2,000 objects is not co-operating with their search for them.

A review into the thefts has now produced a series of recommendations to protect the collection, including identifying all unregistered artefacts.

Peter Higgs, who was a senior curator at the museum, is accused of stealing artefacts including Roman gems.

Mr Higgs has not responded to the BBC’s attempts to contact him.


He has previously denied any wrongdoing.

His family told reporters in August that he was innocent and “devastated” to have lost his job.

The recommendations also include reviewing the approach to suspending employees, to give due weight to protecting the collection.

“One of the things that we’ve got to get to the bottom of is exactly the motivation of the individual who we believe is responsible,” museum chairman George Osborne told the BBC. “But he has not been talking or co-operating.”

One of the artefacts found to be up for sale on Ebay

An external review into what happened estimates that the alleged thief pocketed around £100,000 over a 30-year period, selling items from the museum store rooms.

Some of the artefacts – most of which had never been catalogued by the museum – were sold on eBay for as little as a few pounds. The true value of the items is still unknown.

The independent review, conducted by former British Museum board member Sir Nigel Boardman, Chief Constable of British Transport Police Lucy D’Orsi, and Deputy High Court Judge Ian Karet, runs to 30 pages.

Only four pages – which contain its recommendations – have been made public. Mr Osborne said the museum can’t share more due to security concerns and the ongoing police investigation.

All 36 recommendations contained in the review have been accepted by the trustees.

They suggest making more frequent and more extensive inventory checks of all of the collection, including unregistered items, and adopting a “modern and inclusive approach” to management.

More than a third of the published recommendations are already under way or completed, according to the museum.

‘Inside job’

Mr Osborne said: “We were the victim of an inside job. We’re determined to learn the lessons, make sure the collection is safe and be a more open, transparent and self-confident institution going forward.”

Antiquities dealer Ittai Gradel first warned management that a thief was operating inside the museum in February 2021. He wrote to the British Museum’s deputy director Jonathan Williams, alleging he had seen three ancient artefacts belonging to the museum for sale on eBay.

He had found the full name and address of the suspect insider on a PayPal receipt for some gems he bought and included this in his evidence to Mr Williams.

The museum admitted that an investigation prompted by Mr Williams at the time was inadequate.

Mr Osborne acknowledged the lapse over Dr Gradel’s warnings, saying: “It was not taken as seriously as it should have been. And that’s a big lesson for us to learn.”

Later in 2021, an unconnected spot check revealed an item was missing and the museum began to uncover how many items had been taken or damaged.

The museum’s director, Hartwig Fischer, stepped down in August 2023 after the story broke.

‘Zero accountability’

Mr Williams “agreed to voluntarily step back from his normal duties” until the investigation was over, a statement said at the time, but the BBC understands he is still employed at the museum.

The British Museum told the BBC: “This is a confidential HR matter and we can’t comment further.”

Speaking to the BBC on Tuesday, Dr Gradel said of the recommendations: “They do not have a single word about anyone within the British Museum doing anything whatsoever wrong at any point in time here. This is ridiculous… there is absolutely zero accountability for anything that has gone wrong here.

“Judging from this, no-one within the museum walls did anything wrong whatsoever here. It’s ridiculous.”

He added that Mr Williams “displayed incompetence to a degree which should have resulted in immediate resignation or failing that immediate dismissal”.

“I wanted [Mr Williams] to have been sacked months ago… Failing that he should be kicked out immediately…. Even if we say it was sort of incompetent in all innocence, rather than a deliberate attempt to cover up, how do you explain, for instance, that they never contacted me?

“I made these discoveries [and] they had not a single follow-up question to ask me. They didn’t even inform me that they were doing an internal investigation until if they had finished it and closed it.”

The BBC has asked Mr Williams for comment.

£50 per gem

Dr Gradel has played a key role in the museum’s recovery process, which involves tracking down dealers and collectors from all over the world who may have bought stolen items.

Out of the 651 items identified by the museum so far, 351 have already been handed back.

And 350 of those have come from Dr Gradel, with just one returned by another buyer.

Dr Gradel told the BBC: “A few of them I bought individually but most of them came in batches of say 20, 30 or even 40, and they kept coming.

“If you add it all up, I paid maybe £50 per gem.”

Many of the items were returned based on “circumstantial evidence” that they had come from the museum, Dr Gradel said, because the vast majority had not been catalogued.

The thief also damaged some of the objects, none of which were on display, according to the museum. About 350 gold mounts were destroyed, possibly melted down to sell for scrap. Tool marks defaced 140 other items.

Mr Osborne admitted to security failings at the museum, acknowledging that rules were “not always properly enforced”.

He said: “People get a bit lax in the way they follow those rules. And the review, therefore, recommends that the rules we have in place are properly followed.”

The Metropolitan Police interviewed a man under caution in August. A police investigation is ongoing.